Tag Archives: Centipede

VIPs

On January 30, 1916 D’Eyncourt wrote to Lord Kitchener and informed him that the machine was ready for his inspection and that it fulfilled all the conditions laid down by the War Office (that it could carry guns, destroy machine guns, break through wire entanglements, and cross the enemy’s trenches, whilst giving protection to its own crew). D’Eyncourt also recommended that a number should be ordered immediately and that whilst these were being manufactured the design of a more formidable machine could be developed.

On 2 Feb 16 a VIP visitors’ day was held at Hatfield.  Those who came to see Mother/Centipede/Big Willie in action included:

Field Marshal Earl Kitchener of Khartoum (Secretary of State for War)

The Rt Hon A J Balfour MP (First Lord of the Admiralty)

The Rt Hon D Lloyd George MP (Minister of Munitions)

The Rt Hon R McKenna MP (Chancellor of the Exchequer)

Vice Admiral Sir Frederick Hamilton (Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel)

Sir William Graham Greene (Permanent Secretary to the Board of the Admiralty)

The Rt Hon G Lambert MP

Major General Sir S B Von Donop (Master General of Ordnance)

Major General Butler

Major General H G Smith

Lieutenant General Sir John Cowans (Quartermaster General)

General Rudyear

Lieutenant General Sir W Robertson (Chief of the Imperial General Staff)

Major General Whigham (Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff)

Brigadier General Corkran

Brigadier General Nanton

Brigadier General Maurice (Director of Military Operations)

And a number of assorted Colonels, Lieutenant Colonels and Majors.

My Mother’s a Centipede

The day after the unveiling of the mock up at Wembley in September 1915 work started at Fosters to make a prototype.

The now famous rhomboid shape was 10m long, 4m wide, 2.5m high and the length of each track was 18.5m.  The final design was completed in just 36 days and, as posted last month, it was first trialled on 3 Dec 15 in Burton Park, Lincoln.  The prototype tank was originally known as Big Willie although the tank’s name soon changed to His Majesty’s Land Ship (HMLS) Centipede.  The alternative name of Mother appeared at around the same time.

The very real issue of security reared its head again, this time in relation to the openness of the test grounds at Burton Park and Wembley and so a new test site was developed at Hatfield House near Welwyn Garden City.  Mother (aka Big Willie) was dispatched to Hatfield House by train on 26 Jan along with Little Willie and, having unloaded in the middle of the night, they both drove up to the testing ground.

We’re all off to Wembley

In parallel to the development of the No 1 Lincoln Machine and Little Willie, Wilson had created a wooden mock-up of a larger, alternative design, roughly based on a rhomboid shape and with the tracks running around the complete outside of the vehicle.

It was first shown to the likes of D’Eyncourt, Hetherington and Swinton earlier in the month in Lincoln and then, on 29 September 1915, it was shown to a wider audience at the Trench Warfare Department’s experimental ground in Wembley Park. It was known as the Wilson machine and also as the Centipede.

The following day instructions were issued for Wilson and his team to produce a working prototype of the new design while at the same time continuing with their work on Little Willie